There are many kinds of feed pellet makers and machines. Cattle feed pellet mill is used to convert dry grinded powder into small or medium sized pellets for animal consumption. This process makes the feed palatable and easy to digest, which is very beneficial for the cattle.
Several biodegradable materials can be used to make this powder, such as grass, wheat, corn, soybeans, straw, nut shells, bagasse (leftover sugarcane material) etc. In addition, steam or molasses is used to incorporate moisture into the mix. This creates larger, compact particles known as pellets.
The feed composition will differ according to the type of cattle. Bulls, cows and buffalos have different nutrition needs. In general, the feed must be high in energy and incorporate protein and fiber.
Pelleting has distinct advantages over mashed feed. Varying the ingredients and temperatures can improve the quality of the pellet feed and the manufacturer can control the nutritional value. This increases the overall profitability of your plant. It reduces food wastage.Not only is it preferred by cattle, it increases nutrient utilization. The pellets can be stored and transported with relative ease.
Cattle feed pellet mill classification
Feed pellet mills are of two types- ring die and flat die. Flat die pellet mills are generally cheaper, but ring die pellet mills save energy. The machines come in different sizes depending on your needs. Most feed pellet mills use steam- this extends die life and increases production rate. Some cattle feed pellet mills come with incorporated mixers and grinders.
Large scale feed pellet mills use ring dies. The entire machinery can be set up like a production line. This used to produce large amounts of animal feed. A small scale pellet mill simply processes dry powder into pellets using a flat die, it does not grind and mix. This kind of pellet mill can produce anywhere between 80 to 1000 kilograms of pellets per hour.
How to Make Cattle Feed Pellets
While no special training is required to operate the mill, the operator must adhere to the information manual given with the machine and follow the safety instructions. To make cattle feed pellets, you must condition the material first. Convert the raw materials into powdered form, and create a mixture. You can use a separate grinder and mixer to do this. Once it is mixed, this raw material is fed into the cattle feed pellet mill where the molding process begins. The powder is subjected to a high temperature and pressure, along with steam, and is compressed into pellets. The steam gelatinizes the starch in the feed material. This processed mixture is then pressed into the die where it passes through the holes. The mixture is cut to the desired length as it is being extruded. Usually, an adjustable knife allows you to control the length of the pellets. These pellets are then put through a cooling process. Once the pellets have dried, they can be fed to the cattle. (You can View more details at livestock feed pellets processing technology.)
Pelletizing is the efficient way to feed your cattle regardless of the scale of your business. Major advancements have been made in the technology of pelletizing highly fibrous materials. The cattle feed pellet mill is a valuable investment for any cattle owner.