Livestock include cattle, sheep, cow, pig, camel, deer, rabbit, Alpaca, etc. that people raise for their meat, eggs, milk, leather, fur, and wool.
Many of these livestock animals can be fed with feed pellets, as feed pellets have higher nutrition density, more comprehensive nutrition, higher economic benefits (animals can digest, absorb and conserve better) and are easier to store and transport than traditional roughage (coarse fodder).
Classification of livestock feed pelletsGenerally livestock feed pellets have 4 kinds: pure forage (grass) feed pellets, complete diet feed pellets, concentrated feed pellets and premix feed pellets.
- Pure forage (grass) feed pellet is a feed pellet that only makes from grass, hay, grain straw, stalk, alfalfa, etc. It is the easily making feed pellets for livestock farm.
- Complete feed pellet is composed of four parts: protein feed (such as fish meal, bean and its oil cake/meal, etc.), energy feed (such as corn, wheat bran, etc.), coarse feed (also known as roughage, is composed of corn stalk, wheat straw, pasture, vinasse, etc.) and additives (like vitamins, microelements, salt, minaral feed, bone powder, etc.). By feeding livestock animals with complete feed pellets, you do not need to feed them other forage water. That’s why it is called “complete”.
- Concentrated feed pellet is composed of energy feed, protein feed, mineral feed and some feed additives, and is mainly suitable for feeding herbivores such as cattle, sheep and rabbits. Concentrate feed pellet is to supplement herbivorous animals which are based on coarse feed, green fodder and silage, so it is also called concentrate supplement feed, or mixed concentrate feed. This kind of feed has incomplete nutrition, so it is only a portion of animal feed to supplement the nutrition that livestock lacks by only eating forage grass or silage feed pellets.
- Premix feed pellet, whose full name is feed additive premix, refers to the feed pellets that are mainly composed of feed additives. There are mainly 3 kinds of feed additives: nutritive additives (including trace elements, vitamins, amino acids), drug additives (mainly for preventing disease and promoting length), and general additives (such as various kinds, such as mildew proof and incense enhancer, etc.). It is only produced by feed pellet manufacturing factories. (Want to build your own feed pellet factory? Click here!) Besides, premix feed pellet is only added 1%-6% in livestock daily feed according to animal species and growth stage.
If I want to make feed pellets for my livestock, how do I know the capacity I need?Generally cattle, cow, sheep needs 0.1kg of concentrated feed pellets per day, and pig needs 0.25kg concentrated feed pellets per day. 3kg concentrated feed pellets can transform to 1kg of meat for animals. For making pure forage feed pellets of complete feed pellets, you need to calculate by yourself, or Contact Us for professional livesock feed pellet making consultation!
Processing technology of livestock feed pelletsThe following processing procedures are complete technical process for livestock feed pellet production, but in fact not all procedures are required in practical production.
- Raw material reception and storage
- Feed material cleaning
- Feed raw material crushing
- Feed material batching/proportioning process
- Feed mixing process
There are 2 feed mixing methods: batch mixing and continuous mixing. Batch mixing is to blend all the components together according to the proportion of the formula, and mix them in the periodically running "batch mixer". This mixing method is convenient for replacing feed formula, and the intermixing between each batch is less, so batch mixing is commonly applied at present. However, as the start and stop operation is complex, the automatic program control is mostly used.
The continuous mixing process is a continuous measurement of all kinds of feed components at the same time respectively and proportionately matched to a stream containing various feed components. When the stream enters a continuous mixer, it is mixed continuously into a uniform flow of material. The advantage of this process is that it can be carried out continuously, easily with comminution and granulation, so the production does not need to operate frequently. but when changing feed formula, the adjustment of the flow is more troublesome and the material residue in the continuous conveying and continuous mixing equipment is more, so the intermixing problem between the two batches of feed is more serious.
- Feed pelletizing
- Flat die feed pellet machine: the mixed feed material is uniformly distributed into the feed pellet machne, and the rotating roller and flat die will press the material, and the densified material go though flat die holes to form cylindrical granules, finally desirable size (both length and diameter) feed pellets are cut by the cutting blades and discharged from the feed pellet machine outlet.
- Ring die feed pellet mill: in medium to large scale feed processing factory, feed material conditioning (tempering) is necessary, so ring die feed pellet mill is usually equipped with a conditioner on the top. The conditioning result directly influences feed pellets quality. The purpose of conditioning is to add water to the feed powder to let it has certain moisture content. After conditioning, the feed material is distributed evenly between the roller and ring die, so the feed pellets are pressed out through ring die holes, cut and discharged.
- Feed pellets cooling
- Feed pellets crumbling
- Sieving (screening)
- Feed pellets packaging
If you want to start your own livestock feed pellet plant, or build a livestock feed pellet factory, please feel free to contact us for most professional guidance!