Fish Feed Pet Food Extruder Machine

floating fish feed extruder
This floating fish feed extruder machine, also called floating fish feed pellet mill, is mainly utilized for making floating fish feed pellets or sinking, slow sinking fish feed for catfish, aquarium fish, shrimp, tilapia, red or black porgy, rainbow trout, carp; it can also be pet food extruder for making pet food for dog and cat. You can also use it to make extruded feather a protein additive to replace fish meal.

Raw materials: maize (corn), soybean oil meal/cake, rapeseed oil cake, wheat flour, barley flour, vitamins, mircoelements, fish powder, cassava, etc.

Technical parameters

Model  Screw diameter Capacity (kg/h) Main power Feeding power Cutting power Packaging Size Weight
BEM40 φ40mm 30-40 5.5kw 0.4kw 0.4kw 1400* 1100* 880 310
BEM50 φ50mm 60-80 11kw 0.4kw 0.4kw 1450* 1120* 900 360
BEM60 φ60mm 120-150 15kw 0.4kw 0.4kw 1470* 1150* 900 386
BEM70 φ70mm 180-250 18.5kw 0.4kw 0.4kw 1500* 1320* 950 640
BEM80 φ80mm 300-350 22kw 0.4kw 1.1kw 1800* 1500* 1000 790
BEM90 φ90mm 400-450k 30kw 0.6kw 1.5kw 2300* 1640* 1000 950
BEM120 φ120mm 500-700 55kw 1.1kw 2.2kw 2330* 2000* 1200 1850
BEM135 φ133mm 800-1000 75kw 1.1kw 2.2kw 2330* 2030* 1200 2050
BEM160 φ155mm 1200-1500 90kw 1.5kw 2.2kw 3100* 2650* 1800 3600
BEM200 φ195mm 1800-2000 132kw 1.5kw 3.0kw 3100* 2850* 1900 4322

main models feed extruder machines

The structure of feed extruder

1. Feeder: it is to ensure the uniform and stable feeding, and adjust the feeding quantity according to the rated current value of the extrusion motor. Generally it uses electromagnetic speed motor or frequency converter to control speed and change material feeding quantity. The outlet of the feeding hopper is usually fed by the spiral dragline to the extruded section.

2. Extruding chamber: it consists of a screw, a barrel, a template, a clamp and so on. The screw, and barrel are piecewise combined, so the degree of compression can be adjusted in accordance with the type and requirements of extruded feed, in order to change the expansion of the extruded feed.

3. The expansion mechanism is divided into 3 segments according to its function and position:

  • Feeding section: in this section the screw pitch is large, so it mainly transports and compresses materials, so that the spiral groove is filled with feed material.
  • Compression section: the slot of screw shallows along the material pushing direction and compresses the material.
  • Extrusion section: screw groove is more shallow, pitch gradually turns smaller, and the extrusion pressure reaches up to 3.0-10Mpa, the temperature can reach 120-150 degrees Celsius.

The outlet of extrusion section is a template, and the template shape can be designed into different die hole shapes according to the needs of different feeds. When the feed is extruded from die holes and enters the atmosphere, both its temperature and pressure drop, as a result the rapid expansion of the volume and rapid water evaporation dehydration solidify the feed into expanded fish feed or pet food.

Fish feed extruder details

fish feed extruder details

Fish feed and pet food extruded by our feed extruder machine

extruded floating and sinking fish feed pellets
pet food various shapes

How does fish feed extruder work?

The raw material is uniformly fed into the screw extrusion chamber of fish feed extruder by the feeder, and the volume of the extrusion chamber gradually decreases along the moving direction of the material, and the expanding pressure of the material gradually increases. At the same time, the movement of the material in the extrusion chamber is accompanied by strong shear, rubbing and friction. Sometimes, according to the need, the electric heating sheet can be added outside the expansion chamber to assist heating. Such combined action will make the material temperature rise sharply, and the starch in the material will gelatize. The whole material becomes a melted plastic colloid. Till the moment the material is discharged from the extrusion mold hole, the pressure suddenly dropped to 0.1Mpa, water quickly turned into steam and its volume is increased, so the volume of material is also expanded. The vapor further emits and makes material moisture content decreased, while the temperature decreases quickly. Then the material congeales immediately and makes a lot of micropores in the condensed colloid material. The continuously extruded columnar or flaky puffed products are cut by rotary cutter and cooled, sometimes subsequent drying and spraying additives (such as fat, vitamins, etc.) procedures are also needed.

Fish feed extruding process

 fish feed extruding process

Read more about fish feed processing technology and pet food processing technology

complete fish feed extruding line flowchart

Advantages of extruded fish feed over ordinary feed pellets

Compared to ordinary complete formula feed pellets, extruded feed pellets have the following advantages:
  • The palatability of feed is improved. By extruding the feed raw material, the aroma of feed is increased and the palatability is improved, which can stimulate the appetite of the animals.
  • The digestibility of the feed is increased. After the fodder is extruded and expanded, the long chain structure of protein, fat and other organic compounds becomes short chain structure, so it becomes more digestible.
  • The quality of feed is improved. Because protein is combined with starch matrix, it is not easy to lose when feeding. Only when the digestive enzyme decomposes starch, can it release the protein and improve the protein potency. Secondly, the extrusion combines fat and starch into a composite product of lipoprotein or lipopolysaccharide which reduces the content of free fatty acid, and the passivates lipase, inhibit oil degradation, reduce the rancidity and rancidity of grease components in the process of storage and transportation. Extruding also reduces the content of bacteria, mold and fungi in feed raw materials, improves the hygienic quality of feed, provides sterilized and cured feed for animal body, thereby reducing the risk of animal disease and reducing the dosage of various pharmaceutical ingredients.

If you are planning to make fish feed, pet food, or extruding feather meal, this extruder machine is your BEST CHOICE! Contact Us now to get FREE QUOTATION!
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