poultry feed pellets processing technology

How to make chicken pellet

Poultry Feed Pellets Production Process

Poultry include many animals, like Chicken, Broiler, Duck, Geese, Pigeon, Emu, Swan, Ostrich, Partridge, Quail, Turkey, etc. For poultry farming, a single kind of feed can't meet the nutritional needs of animals. 

Production practice has proved that only through the scientific collocation of all kinds of feed raw materials can we get a fit feed with sufficient, balanced nutrition and good palatability. (Related Post: Poultry Feed Manufacturing Plant Cost >>)

Now, the establishment of poultry feed pellet production plants to produce high-quality livestock feed pellets has become a popular project. Therefore, starting a poultry feed pellet production business is an excellent choice for many investors or farmers to obtain long-term profits.If you are interested in building a feed pellet plant for making feed pellets for your chicken,cattle, sheep,pig and other animals,  ABC machinery can be your best choice! 

Project Display: Small Poultry Feed Processing Line

Small Animal Feed Pellet Production Line Show Details
Small Animal Feed Pellet Production Line Show Details

STLP300/STLP400 small feed pellet plant is a small scale pellet feed plant that produces 600-800kg/h and 800-1000kg/h animal feed pellets , mainly applicable to livestock, poultry and fish farmes, hennery, small feed production workshop, and so on. Small feed pellet production equipment including small hammer mill, small feed mixing machine, screw conveyor, storage silo, and small feed pellet mill, feed pellet cooler, feed pellets packaging machine, etc. According to your specific needs and requirements, all the machines in this small animal feed pellet factory are optional. If you are interested in any equipment, please contact us, we will give you the most cost-effective price.

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Set Up Complete Poultry Feed Pellets Production Plant

large feed pellet plant show details
Large Feed Pellet Plant Show Details

We not only provide small-scale poultry feed pellet manufacturing equipment, but also provide you with a turnkey feed production project, including process design, factory layout, equipment manufacturing, feed factory installation and commissioning, as well as on-site training on electrical control, factory operation, animal feed processing technology .Don't hesitate to contact us, If you want to know about relevant poultry feed production equipment and complete business plans.

Poultry Feed Pellet Making Process

The process of poultry feed production is generally divided into the following steps: feed raw materials receiving and cleaning, raw materials crushing, batching, mixing, pelleting, and packaging of finished feed products. (You may also like: Pet Food Manufacturing Process >>)

The picture below shows the main poultry feed pellets refined by ABC Machinery's animal feed pelleting plant.

chicken duck pigeon ostrich poultry feed pellets
Poultry Feed Pellets by Pellet Mill Machine

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us for the most professional guidance!

  • Raw Material Cleaning Process

Screen machine is normally used in this section. It is mainly to remove impurities from raw materials, such as iron chips and stones. Any questions about equipment selection? Don’t hesitat to contact us!

  • Raw Material Crushing Process

The crushing of feed raw materials is one of the most important processes in poultry feed processing. This process is to reduce the size of the bulk or granular feed material and crush into the size required for poultry feeding standards. It is related to the quality, yield, electricity consumption and cost of the compound feed. After being crushed, the surface area of the raw material is increased, which is convenient for poultry digestion and absorption. The grain size of broiler chicks feed is better to be medium size, that is, the average diameter of grains is 0.7-0.9mm. With the increase of age, the particle size of comminution can increase correspondingly, and the size for producing laying hen feeds should be above 0.8mm. (Related Equipment: Animal Feed Hammer Mill >>)

  • Batching process

It is a process of feeding and weighing various raw materials according to a given formula using a specific batching device, which is an important link to ensure the quality of formulated poultry feed pellets products. Considering that the weighing accuracy and some components may be corrosive, premix additives are usually manually weighed and put directly into the mixing equipment.

  • Mixing process

Feed mixing process means that the ingredients in the feed formula are mixed uniformly according to the specified weight ratio, making each small part of the whole, even a single feed pellet, has the same proportion of the ingredients as the required formula. The quality of poultry feed mixture is very important for ensuring the quality of compound feed pellets. To achieve uniform mixing in the equipment, micronutrients, such as amino acids, vitamins and minerals, should be pre-mixed to make premix feed. In the premixing process, the larger amount of composition should be added first and then the smaller amount of composition. The mixing time should be determined by testing the mixing uniformity of the poultry feed. The coefficient of variation (CV) of premix shall not be greater than 5%, while the coefficient of variation (CV) of formulated feed shall not be greater than 10%. (Related Equipment: Animal Feed Mixer >>)

  • Pelletizing process

Feed Pellet Machine for Sale
Feed Pellet Machine for Sale

Pelleting is an important step when setting up pellets making project or factory.Generally, the feed mixture is added 4-6% of water (normally tempered with steam, suitable for temperature at about 98℃). When entering the Feed Pellet Machine, feed water content increases from air-dried state (moisture content about 10% to 12%) at ambient temperature 。to about 10% to 12% at temperature 80 to 90℃. Water plays a role of lubrication when granulating, and heat causes gelatinization of raw starch on the surface of plant feed ingredients. Feed then is extruded from the outlet of the poultry feed pellet mill, and further raises the feed temperature to nearly 90℃. Therefore, these feed pellets shall be cooled to a slightly higher temperature than the ambient temperature, and at the same time be dried to moisture content below 12% can they go to the next section. For making young poultry feed, like for chick, the feed pellet crumbler is also needed to reduce the pellet size.

  • Screening, Cooling and Packaging

After pelletizing, the feed pellet was screened to remove debris and powder, as well as cooled down temperature and moisture, and then stored after packaging. The slag and powder are returned to process.

What is the BEST Capacity of Your Poultry Feed Mill Plant?
Generally, one chicken can eat 150g of feed pellets per day. So multiply by how many chicken you raise, you can get the capacity of the chicken feed pellet mill plant.

 ABC Machinery is a professional feed pellet equipment supplier. If you want to establish your own poultry feed pellet plant or have any questions about the feed production process, please contact us.

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Main manufacturing process of Compound Poultry Feed Pellets

The compound poultry feed pellets is made up of various feed ingredients according to poultry's nutritional needs and feeding characteristics. The proportion of all kinds of feed ingredients determined is poultry feed formula. In order to design the formula for poultry feed, it is necessary to study the principle of poultry nutrition, determine the nutritional requirements of poultry (feeding standards), study the characteristics of poultry feed raw materials, determine the nutritional value of all kinds of feed, and consider the status of feed resources, the price and the possibility of stable production. The purpose of poultry feed formula design is to rationally choose raw materials with good nutrition and low cost, and to produce high quality compound feed scientifically so as to carry out the cultivation and obtain the greatest economic benefit. (Read more: How to Make Cattle Feed Pellets >>)

At present, poultry feed manufacturing process is usually made by weight proportioning, batch mixing and batch production. This production technology can be divided into two types in practice: one is the production technology of crushing, batching, mixing, and the other is the compound batching, crushing and mixing.

  Compound Poultry Feed Pellet Production Progress
Compound Poultry Feed Pellet Manufacturing

  • Raw materials reception—cleaning and removal of impurities (sieving, magnetic selection) – crushing—batching—mixing—pelletizing—sieving & cooling—feed pellets packaging (bulk)—power product packaging (bulk)

The characteristic of this production technology is that it can crush the raw materials in a variety of ways, and can give full play to the efficiency of the crushing machine. For example, by material features, poultry breed (or growth stage), or physiological requirements of the object, user can choose different grinding size. However, as the raw materials are smashed by varieties, more batching bins are needed; at the same time, frequent replacement of raw materials makes operation complex. But this technology is quite suitable for poultry feed production which has varieties of raw materials, varied formulation and high requirement on matching ratio.

  • Raw materials reception (cleaning impurities) – batching — sifting — crushing — mixing — pelletizing — sieving & cooling — feed pellets packaging (bulk) — power product packaging (bulk)

The advantages of this process are batching before crushing makes all feed raw materials have uniform particle size, which is easy for poultry feed pellet production; It can save silos, because the batching bin is also the storage silo of raw materials and excipients, and the crushing chamber only plays a buffer role; The continuity of the process requires the equipment with good supporting performance and high technical level. The sieving procedure after batching makes the powdery raw materials and excipients that do not need crushing can be sent directly to the mixer for mixing.

The following are the DCP values for each of the common ingredients used in poultry feed making:

Whole maize Soya Fishmeal (omena) Maize bran Sunflower crude protein lime (as a calcium source)
8.23% 45% 55% 7% 35% 18% 2%

 Factors Affecting the Quality of Poultry Feed Pellets

  • The feed formula is scientific and reasonable
  • The quality of the raw materials
  • The quality of the processed feed

There are many factors affecting the quality of poultry feed. In addition to whether the feed formula is scientific and reasonable, the quality of the raw materials and the quality of the processed feed will directly affect the quality of compound feed. Feed formula determines the nutritional value of finished feed products. Either low nutrition level or unreasonable proportion of nutrients will seriously affect the feeding effect of breeding objects, and at the same time, cause waste of feed raw materials. In addition, if the processing quality, such as mixing uniformity, particle size and degree of gelatinization, can't meet the requirements of the feed manufacturing process , it also can't guarantee the advantages of the original formula, and will affect the feeding effect of poultry feed pellets.

If you want to know more about the issues that should be paid attention to in the  poultry feed production process , contact us now and we will provide you with professional guidance.

how to start your own production line with best business plan

Hot Sale Poultry Feed Processing Plant - ABC Machinery

ABC Machinery Part of the Cases Show
ABC Machinery Part of the Cases Show

Starting poultry feed plant has been a profitable business endeavor in many countries. The above listed small poultry feed pellet plant and complete poultry feed manufacturing plant have been the No.1 choice for many customers, either for business purpose or farm use. Both the two type poultry feed mill plant include the required machinery for poultry feed production. You can choose it based on your specific requirements and budget. For detailed machine price and parameters, please contact us directly ! ( Read more: How to Setup Poultry Feed Plant >>)

 ABC Machinery is professional animal feed processing equipment manufacturer and supplier in China. In these years, we have built many animal feed factory projects around the world, including Philippines, Uzbekstan, Nigeria, Tanzania, Ghana, Zambia, Mali, Uganda, etc. If you are interested in setting up poultry feed plant at low cost, please contact us for our project report, together with the equipment list and project cost.  

Poultry Feed Pellet Mill Plant Project Built by ABC Machinery

 Small Poultry Feed Pellet Plant for Sales

If you are planning to start your feed pellet making business, or build a complete poultry feed pellet processing plant with high quality equipment, ABC Machinery can provide you with a turnkey project that can guarantee the quality of poultry feed pellets and the daily work efficiency of the equipment .In addition, you can also enjoy a lower price and purchase a complete set of equipment at a time! If you are interested in setting up a poultry feed pellet factory, please contact us to get a free Quotation!

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