Make Aquatic Feed: Pellet Feed or Extruded Particle Feed

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There are 2 kinds of aquatic feed (fish feed and shrimp feed): one is pellet feed (sinking or slow sinking feed), the other is extruded particle feed (floating feed). So, what are the differences between these 2 kinds of aquatic feed?

These 2 aquatic fish feed processing technologies are generally similar

  • For making pellet aquatic feed (sinking or slow sinking feed): first different raw materials are crushed by crusher, then, mixed by raw material pre-mixer. The raw material after mixing is the semi-finished product of fish or shrimp formula feed. Next is the process of making granules. The premixed formula feed enters the mechanical conditioner and then the pressing roller and die plate presses out granules (pellets). The diameter size of die plate is the diameter of feed pellets. When making pellet feed of different sizes, die plate hole of different diameters are used. (Detailed explanation see fish feed pellets processing technology>>)
fish feed pellets making process
  • For making extruded particle feed (floating feed): raw materials are crushed first; if the raw materials for making floating fish feed are powder, they do not need crushing. Then the power is mixed and blended together. After that, aqua feed raw material is fed evenly into the feed extruder; under great extrusion pressure and high temperature, the extruded feed granules expand when they come out from the feed extruder, becoming light but not that small particles, which can float on water. (More information see fish feed pellets processing technology>>)
floating fish feed processing technology

Aquatic fish feed processing technologies Comparison

  1. Feed raw material Crushing fineness and feed pellets/granules curing degree.

There are two important points in making pellet feed: first, the performance of the crusher will determine the fineness of the feed raw material. Second is that the temperature of crushed powder which is fed into the conditioner is about 80-90 degrees Celsius. At this temperature, the powder can be semi-matured, and the final pellet feed is semi-cured.

aquatic fish shrimp feed pellets

For making extruded aquatic feed, the feed raw material is much more finely crushed. Secondly, the feed raw materials in the extrusion chamber can reach a temperature as high as 110-200 degrees Celsius. In such high temperature and pressure environment, feed materials are suddenly depressurized to form porous granular feed after they are extruded from the holes. As a result, extruded aqua feed is more cured than pellet feed.

aquatic extruded floating fish feed

In addition, the water content of extruded feed is much lower than that of pellet feed, because in the extruding process of high temperature and high pressure, water is lost, almost 1.1 tons of powder raw material can make about 1 ton of finished extruded feed.

  1. Water entry properties: In order to keep the pellet feed immersed in water for a long time, a large number of adhesives such as high gluten flour or other animal absorbable adhesives should be added to keep the pellet feed immersed in water for a long time. Extruded feed does not need such adhesives, because it is pure cured, when stay in water for a few hours can become bulky state, like a sponge.
  1. Dust of pellet feed is obviously more than expanded feed.
  1. The cost of making extruded feed is 1-1.5 times that of pellet feed.
  1. Absorption: Expanded feed go through high temperature and pressure, eliminating a large number of bacteria, so it has good taste, and the absorption must be better than pellets of similar raw materials.
  1. Market prices: Because the price of extruding machinery and process cost is higher, the price of extruded feed is generally higher than that of pellet feed, and the extruded feed is generally made into high-grade fish feed.

Making aquatic feed is not complex, and the profit of making whether pellet aquatic feed or extruded aquatic feed is considerable. So, why not start your aquatic feed making business now?

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